Viewing posts from April, 2014

Unpublished IPMs: Margery, widow of Stephen le Scrope, lord Scrope of Masham, Lincolnshire, 1422

This ex officio Exchequer IPM into the Lincolnshire lands of Margery le Scrope, widow of Stephen, lord Scrope of Masham, could have appeared in CIPM xxii beside IPMs 112-17, which include three later inquisitions into her lands in the same county.  It is filed in E 149/126/10 immediately before the Exchequer copies of those later IPMs, but was presumably not included in vol. xxii because it dated from Henry V's reign, and therefore ought to have been printed in vol. xxi.  In our on-line edition of the calendars it will be inserted in vol. xxii as number 111A, so that it can be read in conjunction with the later Lincolnshire inquisitions (xxii.112-14).

Unpublished IPMs: Robert Butvyleyn, knight, Northamptonshire, 1421

The ex officio Exchequer IPM into the Northamptonshire lands of sir Robert Butvyleyn, made in August 1421, was omitted from CIPM xxi.  No other inquisition relating to this individual is known, so it will be inserted in our on-line edition of the calendar as xxi.887A, placing it approximately at the end of the 1421 IPMs in that volume.

Unpublished IPMs: Thomas de Camoys, knight, Surrey, 1421

This inquisition into the Surrey lands of Sir Thomas de Camoys ought to have appeared in CIPM xxi alongside IPMs 749-53, which dealt with his lands in five other counties.  It was presumably overlooked because it exists only as an Exchequer copy.  However there must have been a Chancery version as the IPM was triggered by a Chancery writ of diem clausit extremum; the IPM itself says so, and the record of the issue of the writ can be found in the Fine Rolls, alongside the writs for Camoys' other IPMs (CFR 1413-22, p. 377).

IPMs and the Year Books: Radcliffe v. Dynelay, 1424.

Year Books are late-medieval collections of law reports, dating from the 13th century to 1535.  They are a treasure trove for legal historians, providing valuable insights into the development of English law in the late medieval period.  They are often disappointing for historians from other disciplines, however, as they seldom identify the individuals or places involved the cases they report, instead describing them generically: ‘an heir', ‘a widow', ‘John T, lord of a manor‘.  This reflects their purpose; they were produced to record the legal principles established by the cases and included background facts only so far as necessary to understand those principles.[1. J.H. Baker, An Introduction to English Legal History, 3rd edn (London, 1990), 204-7.  For a detailed description, K. Topulos, ‘A common lawyer's bookshelf recreated: an annotated bibliography of a collection of sixteenth-century English law books', 84 Law Library Journal (1992), 641-86.]  Yet IPMs can sometimes be used to identify the individuals and properties mentioned in these anonymous Year Book reports.  This is one such case, the report of a 1424 hearing in the Exchequer Chamber which can be greatly amplified by reference to two Proofs of Age, CIPM xxii.356 and 365, and nine other IPMs.[2. CIPM xii.134 and 339; xx.675-9; xxii.21-2.]

Unpublished IPMs: John Keynes, senior, Devon, 1420

This March 1420 IPM into the Devon lands of John Keynes, senior, has not been calendared.  It has an entry in CIPM xxi, numbered 327, but that consists of just a few disconnected phrases, followed by the statement ‘mostly illegible'.  Both the Chancery and Exchequer copies of the IPM are indeed illegible in parts, but fortunately mostly in different parts, so between them, and with the use of an ultra-violet lamp, it has been possible to work out almost the entire text.